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George G. Graham Professor
Program Director, Human Nutrition
Keith West

Departmental Affiliations

Human Nutrition

Contact Info

615 N. Wolfe St. W2041

Research Interests

international health; micronutrients; vitamin A; retinol; beta-carotene; vitamin E; maternal and child nutrition; international nutrition; nutritional epidemiology; child survival; infant and child mortality; maternal mortality; child health; maternal health; anthropometry; proteomics; community trials; Bangladesh; Nepal; Indonesia
Experiences & Accomplishments
Johns Hopkins University
Johns Hopkins University
My research focuses on improving through nutritional means the health and survival of infants, children, adolescents and women of reproductive age in underserved populations, with special interests in the assessment and prevention of micronutrient deficiencies, with a focus on vitamin A and E deficiencies, poor growth and protein-energy malnutrition. Most of my research has involved the conduct of population-based epidemiologic studies and intervention trials, particularly in Indonesia, Nepal (founding the Nepal Nutrition Intervention Project-Sarlahi, or NNIPS, in 1988) and Bangladesh (co-founding the JiVitA Project in 2000). In recent years, my work has broadened to explore effects of developmental nutrition exposures on health later in life and plasma proteomics as a platform for nutritional assessment.
Honors & Awards
Inaugural George G. Graham Professor of Infant and Child Nutrition, 2005- present Kellogg International Nutrition Prize 2007 G. Malcolm Trout Lecture, Michigan State University,2009 Avanelle Kirksey Lecture, Purdue University,2017 James Allen Olson Lecture, American Society of Nutrition, 2018 Fellow of the American Society of Nutrition, Class of 2020
Select Publications
Publications that reflect diversity of research and public health priorities over the past 30 years.
  • Sommer A, West KP Jr. Vitamin A Deficiency: Health, Survival and Vision. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
  • West KP Jr, Shamim AA, Mehra S, Labrique AB, Ali H, Shaikh S, Klemm RDW, Wu LSF, Mitra M, Haque R, Hanif AAM, Massie AB, Merrill RD, Schulze KJ, Christian P. Effect of maternal multiple micronutrient versus iron-folic acid supplementation on infant mortality and adverse birth outcomes in rural Bangladesh: the JiVitA-3 randomized trial. JAMA 2014;312:2649-2658.
  • West KP Jr, Cole RN, Shrestha S, Schulze KJ, Lee SE, Betz J, Nonyane BAS, Wu LSF, Yager JD, Groopman JD, Christian P. A plasma ?-tocopherome can be identified from proteins associated with vitamin E status in school aged children of Nepal. J Nutr 2015;145:2646-2656..
  • WHO Neonatal Vitamin A Supplementation Evidence Group: West KP Jr, Wu LSF, Ali H, Klemm RDW, Edmond K, Hurt L, Kirkwood B, Newton S, Shannon C, Taneja S, Mazumder S, Bhatia K, Bhandari I, Katz J, Tielsch JM, Humphrey J, Agoestina T, Soofi S, Ariff S, Bhatti Z, Cousens S, Bhutta ZA, Ntozini R, Masanja H, Smith ER, Muhihi A, Fawzi W, Bahl R, Martines, J, Yoshida S. Early neonatal vitamin A supplementation and infant mortality: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Arch Dis Child 2018. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2018-315242.187-272.
  • Gernand AD, Schulze KJ, Stewart CP, West KP Jr, Christian P. Micronutrient deficiencies in pregnancy worldwide: health effects and prevention. Nature Rev Endocrinol, 2016;12:274-289.
Global Research Activity
Maternal Vitamin A or Beta-carotene Supplementation Trial to Reduce Pregnancy-related Mortality in Bangladesh
Impact Of Zinc Supplementation Child Mortality In Nepal
Maternal Vitamin A or Beta-carotene Supplementation Trial In Bangladesh (JiVitA-1)
Vitamin A Commodity Support
The portable field dark adaptometer: Validating a novel device for field-based screening and detection of vitamin A deficiency and night blindness, a debilitating condition associated with high maternal and child mortality
Wireless Public Health Technologies to Prevent Drowning
mCare: Enhancing survival of high-risk neonates in rural S. Asia
Nutrition Collaborative Research Support Program
Nutrition Innovation Lab
Maternal and Child Nutrition Situation Analysis in South Asia
Plasma Proteomics for Nutritional Assessment
Arsenic and immune response to influenza vaccination in pregnant women and newborns
Effect of Antenatal Multiple Micronutrient Supplementation on Fetal and Infant Mortality and Maternal Health in Bangladesh (JiVitA-3)
Malawi Impact Evaluation Project
Protein Plus: Improving infant growth through diet and enteric health
Implementation Research to Improve Multiple Micronutrient Supplementation
ROSHNI (Rights for Sanitation, Health, and Nutrition Initiative): a large scale nutrition-WASH programme in India