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Vanessa
Garcia Larsen
,
PhD

Assistant Professor
Vanessa Garcia Larsen

Departmental Affiliations

Primary
Division
Human Nutrition

Contact Info

615 N. Wolfe Street
Baltimore
Maryland
21205
US        

Research Interests

Diet; nutrition; early life; maternal; childhood; dietary patterns; flavonoids; FFQ; lung function; asthma; allergy; COPD; systematic reviews; meta-analysis; Africa; Europe; Latin America; non-communicable diseases; observational studies
Experiences & Accomplishments
Education
PhD
King's College London
2006
MSc
University of Chile
2001
BSc
University of Chile
1997
MEd
Imperial College London
2018
Overview
Dr Vanessa Garcia Larsen is Assistant Professor in Human Nutrition at The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Guest Faculty at Harvard Medical School, and Honorary Lecturer at Imperial College London, where she did her post-doctoral training. Her main research focus is the role of diet in the primary and secondary prevention of allergies, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). She is particularly interested in producing evidence from low and middle income countries, where the COPD burden is greater. She has active research collaborations in Africa, Latin America, Europe, and South East Asia, investigating dietary habits and nutritional bio-compounds (e.g. flavonoids) that could benefit lung health of children and adults at population level. Dr Garcia Larsen is a Co-Investigator in the Burden of Lung Disease (BOLD) Study, which aims to establish the prevalence and risk factors for COPD in lower- and middle- income countries, and leads the nutritional studies of the Global Asthma and Allergy Network of Excellence (GA2LEN) and of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS). In 2013, she was commissioned by the British Food Standards Agency (FSA) to undertake a comprehensive review of the scientific evidence that maternal (pregnancy) or infant dietary intakes influence the risk of respiratory or autoimmune diseases later in life, and the results have influenced infant feeding guidelines in the UK and internationally. This work showed that there is no evidence to support the use of hydrolysed formula for the prevention of allergies (BMJ, 2016), that early introduction of peanut and egg reduces the risk of allergy to these foods in high risk infants (JAMA, 2016), and that specific maternal dietary supplements during pregnancy and lactation may reduce risk of allergic disease in young children (PLOS Medicine, 2018). She continues to work in evidence-based methodologies, and collaborates in several systematic reviews on diet and disease risk. Dr Garcia Larsen is also interested in educational research, particularly in factors influencing the internationalisation of curricula. She has supervised or mentored over thirty postgraduate scholars, and has been the recipient of several awards for her role supporting higher education students. In 2018, she was conferred a Master of Education (Medicine), by Imperial College London. At Johns Hopkins University, she is the Coordinator of the Human Nutrition Master of Science in Public Health (MSPH).
Select Publications
Recent publications in the field of diet and respiratory diseases
  • Garcia-Larsen V; Ierodiakonou D; Jarrold K; Cunha S; Chivinge J; Robinson Z; Geoghegan N; Ruparelia A; Devani P; Reeves T; Trivella M; Leonardi-Bee J; Boyle RJ. Diet during pregnancy and infancy, and risk of allergic or autoimmune disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS Medicine 2018; 15 (2): e1002507. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002507
  • Garcia-Larsen V; Potts JF; Omenaas E; Heinrich J; Svanes C; Garcia-Aymerich J; Burney PG; Jarvis D. Dietary antioxidants and ten-year lung function decline in adults from the ECRHS survey. Eur Resp J 2017; 50: doi: 10.1183/13993003.02286-2016
  • Ierodiakonou D, Garcia-Larsen V, Logan A, Groome A, Cunha S, Chivinge J, Robinson Z, Geoghegan N, Jarrold K, Reeves T, Tagiyeva-Milne N, Nurmatov U, Trivella M, Leonardi-Bee J, Boyle RJ. Timing of Allergenic Food Introduction to the Infant Diet and Risk of Allergic or Autoimmune Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA 2016;316: 1181-92
  • El Rhazi K, Nejjari C, BenJelloun MC, El Biaze M, Attassi M, Garcia-Larsen V. Prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Fez, Morocco: results from the BOLD study. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2016; 20: 136-41
  • Garcia-Larsen V, Luczynska M, Kowalski ML, Voutilainen H, Ahlström M, Haahtela T, Toskala E, Bockelbrink A, Lee HH, Vassilopoulou E, Papadopoulos NG, Ramalho R, Moreira A, Delgado L, Castel-Branco MG, Calder PC, Childs CE, Bakolis I, Hooper R, Burney PG; GA2LEN-WP 1.2 ‘Epidemiological and Clinical Studies’. Use of a common food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to assess dietary patterns and their relation to allergy and asthma in Europe: pilot study of the GA2LEN FFQ. Eur J Clin Nutr 2011; 65: 750-56